- What is Genioplasty?
- The Procedure
- Sliding Genioplasty
- Chin Implants
- Recovery after surgery
- Risks of surgery
This document has been designed to improve understanding regarding treatment of the fractured cheek bone and eye socket and contains answers to many of the common questions. If you have any other questions not answered here or if you would like further explanations please ask Mr Schenberg or other members of staff.
Chin Implants | Genioplasty
What is Genioplasty?
Genioplasty is a chin augmenting surgical procedure used to enhance the aesthetic appearance of the chin and jawline. Some patients choose chin augmentation because they are dissatisfied with the look of their facial structure, and indeed, this type of surgery can help to create a more balanced facile profile. Genioplasty can be a complementary procedure to corrective jaw surgery, which is done to align a patients’ bite and address issues with facial symmetry and proportion.
About the procedure
Genioplasty is performed to reshape and resize the chin in order to achieve balance in facial features and overall facial contours, and there are two main types of genioplasty surgery that can be performed depending on each patient’s requirements.
This procedure involves cutting the lower part of the chin bone and advancing it forward to achieve the desired facial profile. Once the bone is repositioned, a titanium plate and screws are affixed to hold the bone in place securely.
Sliding genioplasty is also used to reduce the chin size if it is too far forward. In such cases, excess bone is removed and once the desired position is achieved, titanium plates and screws are used to hold the new position.
All incisions are made inside the mouth. No scars are visible on the skin of the face.
Chin implants may be used in selected cases. An incision is made, either in the mouth in the mucous membrane of the lower lip. An anatomically-shaped, biocompatible silicone material is inserted into the space to create the enlarged chin. The incision is sutured closed with a dissolving suture.
Genioplasty is generally done under a combination of local anaesthetic and general anaesthetic in hospital. The procedure usually takes around one to two hours and often requires an overnight stay in hospital after surgery.
Recovery after surgery
After surgery, patients tend to experience some discomfort and swelling, which may last for a few weeks. Pain medication will be prescribed to help with the discomfort and antibiotics will also be prescribed to minimise the risk of infection. A pressure bandage is placed over the chin at the end of the surgery and is usually removed at home about 24 hours after the surgery. This pressure bandage help decrease postoperative swelling.
Most patients will be ready for a return to normal activities around one to two weeks after surgery.
Risks of surgery
As with all surgical procedure’s surgery, some risks are involved. These include:
- Swelling and bruising lasts for a few weeks
- Infection. This may be early or late.
- Implants, if used, changing shape over time because of scar tissue formation.
- Numbness to the lower lip and chin. Usually the sensation to the lower lip and chin will return to normal or near normal after many weeks or even a few months. A permanent numbness may also occur and that is a rare event.